Fluorosis occurs when you have consumed too much fluoride while permanent teeth are still forming. By the age of 8, all permanent teeth should be formed and you would no longer be able to develop fluorosis if you have not already. It is a cosmetic condition, that causes white or brown discolouration or streaks on the surface of your teeth. This can range from minor discolouration to surface irregularities or pits in your teeth.
Sometimes, these changes can only be visible to dentists. In other cases you will see white lines, streaks or spots. These stains left by fluorosis are permanent and may darken over time. You should always bring your child to the dentist if you are not sure, sometimes other conditions may look like fluorosis.
Prevention is the key to ensuring your child does not develop fluorosis. Remember to only put a small peas sized amount of tooth paste, and ensure they spit it out after brushing instead of swallow. Keep all fluoride contain products such as supplements, mouthwash and tooth paste out of reach from children. It is important to know how much fluoride your child consumes. Be sure to check water levels if you are on a public water supply, and read fruit or soft drinks labels.
The treatment for fluorosis is marking the stain. Most cases are minor, or are in the back teeth only and are not seen very often. When concerned about appearance the best approach is teeth whitening to remove surface stains, or veneers, crowns, bonding or other procedures to cover the discolouration.
For more information on fluorosis or to book your appointment, call or stop by Smiles at SummerHill Dental in Newmarket, Ontario today.