An impacted tooth occurs when a tooth tries to break through the gum but gets blocked or only partially comes through. This may happen because the area that the tooth is trying to come through is overcrowded so there's no room for it to emerge, or they may be twisted, displaced or tilted when trying to come in. Getting an impacted tooth usually happens with the grow in of wisdom teeth because they are the last teeth to come through. Most people choose to remove all 4 wisdom teeth to prevent any future tooth problems, since the removal of them hinder you in no way.
If untreated, an impacted tooth can cause a misaligned bite because the impacted tooth pushes on the teeth next to it, as well as trap bacteria or food in the gum around it and lead to serious surgical infections such as pericoronitis. Some symptoms include redness and swelling of the gums near the impacted tooth, jaw or head aches, pain in the jaw and tender gums, and more.
To test for impacted teeth, dental x-rays are often used to confirm the presence. The removal of the tooth is the usual method of treatment for an impacted tooth, however antibiotics may also be given to fight infection before the extraction of the tooth. For more information about impacted/wisdom teeth contact the dental team at Smiles at SummerHill Dental Care in Newmarket, Ontario.