Some cases of acute periodontal (gum) disease that do not respond to more conventional cleaning treatment and self-care such as flossing may require a special kind of cleaning called scaling and root planing. If your gums are not properly cleaned, inflammation and infection can lead to bone loss, tooth loosening, abscess formation and ultimately tooth loss.
If your gum tissue is sensitive and diseased, local anesthesia can be administered to numb the tissue before both the scaling and root planing procedure. Your dentist will then start the procedure with a thorough examination of your mouth. Next, an ultrasonic scaling device will be used to eliminate the tartar, plaque and biofilm from the tooth surface and underneath the gum line. A manual instrument may be used next to remove the remainder.
Root planing involves detailed scaling of the root surface to decrease inflammation of the gum tissue. Your dentist will scale the root surface to smooth out rough target areas, eliminating plaque and biofilm development.
For more information about teeth scaling and root planing contact the dentists at Smiles at SummerHill Dental in Newmarket, Ontario